Early Warning Fire Detection for Small Spaces

Stu Tisdale

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On October 10th In Fire, Life Safety
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Most Aspirating Smoke Detection (ASD) systems on the market are geared for large areas, roughly 2000 square feet or more in size. These systems are designed specifically to detect smoke and fire activity in open spaces and large areas where smoke dilution and stratification can occur as the smoke is either stretched across a large open area or loses buoyancy due to high ceilings. However, this brings up the challenge of protecting smaller spaces. For enclosed spaces, the solution to this problem is an ASD designed specifically for smaller areas. The next time you are planning an installation that includes an ASD system, be on the lookout for the following areas that would greatly benefit from a smoke detection unit designed for small spaces.

Server Rooms and Small Data Centers

Many businesses have small rooms dedicated to their servers and data centers. While these rooms may vary in size from office to office, some of these server rooms may be no larger than a small closet. Heat-based fire detection systems are not a good fit for these types of rooms as servers naturally give off a lot of heat energy. While an ASD better choice, a traditional ASD may not be able to pick up on smoke as air is continuously moving through these areas due to the use of heavy cooling and ventilation. A highly sensitive ASD created specifically for smaller areas would be the ideal smoke detection unit in this case.

Packaged HVAC Units

Offices often have their HVAC units enclosed in small rooms or closets similar to those that are used for servers or data centers. A high sensitivity smoke detection system is ideal for this space because air patterns in these rooms are commonly disrupted due to the HVAC system. Should a fire break out, the HVAC unit may catch the smoke and dilute it as it is distributed through the ducts, preventing smoke detectors in other areas of the building from detecting the event at all. Having an ASD  system in HVAC unit rooms that are specifically designed for small spaces not only protects the HVAC system but also ensures that a fire will be caught before it spreads causing further damage to the building.

 

Generator Enclosures

These days, having to cease all work due to a power outage can be very costly to a business. For this reason, many companies have installed their own generator backup systems to keep their workflow going should the building lose power. These generators are usually kept in isolated, enclosed areas because they are very loud when they run. Placing these units in a location that is remote from the rest of the building commonly means they are beyond the reach of the building-wide smoke detection systems. Generators also typically emit fumes that can interfere with a smoke detection system which creates another challenge to safeguarding these spaces. An ASD is not only optimal for these small spaces but also provides very early warning of smoke to prevent losses, damage and ensure business continuity.

If you have any questions regarding which type of system to install on your next project, ADI’s Systems Sales & Support Team is here to help. You can contact the ADI Systems Support group at 1.800.ADI.SYS1

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